Parental Notification

 

Two bills related to parental notice have been introduced in the House.

  1. Parental Notification and Intervention Act

On March 27, 2003, Rep. Marilyn Musgrave (R-CO) introduced the Parental Notification and Intervention Act of 2003 (H.R. 1489). The measure has 80 cosponsors and was referred to the Constitution Subcommittee of the House on the Judiciary. The bill makes it unlawful to perform an abortion on an unemancipated minor under 18, to permit the facilities of an entity to perform an abortion on such minor, or to assist in the performance of an abortion on such minor, unless: there is clear and convincing evidence of physical abuse by the parent; there is written notification to the parents that an abortion has been requested; there is an 96-hour waiting period after the notice has been received by the parents; and there is compliance with provisions allowing any parent to seek a court injunction against the abortion. Exceptions are made for cases where a grave physical disorder or disease would cause the death of the unemancipated minor.

Parental notice requires the use of certified mail which is personally delivered to any parent. The term “parent” includes a legal guardian.

  1. Title X Program

On June 12, 2003, Rep. Todd Akin (R-MO) introduced the Parent’s Right to Know Act of 2003 (H.R. 2444). This measure would require parental consent or notification five business day before a minor receives a contraceptive drug or device in a federally-funded Title X family planning clinic. H.R. 2444 also requires providers to certify their compliance to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

The bill has 92 sponsors and was referred to the Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Health.

For more information about parental notification in Title X programs, see the USCCB’s fact sheet “Parental Notification Needed in Title X Program”